Chichén Itzá was founded around 525 AD and its name derives from the Mayan words chi ‘pit’, che’en ‘well’, itz ‘magician or sorcerer’ and há ‘water’, in general it is translated as “Wellhead of the Itza “referring to the Cenote (a large well of natural water) that the inhabitants of the region considered as Sacred and the entrance to the Mayan underworld. In addition, the name of the site alludes to the Itza (itz ‘magician or sorcerer’ and ha ‘water’) powerful mythical-historical lords of the city during the time of its growth and apogee.
And although there are varied interpretations, we prefer to call it “haunted or enchanted wellhead” since it was considered a sacred enclave, as well as a source of fresh water essential for that city of magical temples and wise astronomers.
Registered in the list of the World Heritage by Unesco in 1988; the Temple of Kukulcán, was recognized as one of the new seven wonders of the modern world on July 7, 2007. The pyramid is nestled with geometric precision in the esplanade that a thousand years ago was the political, religious and cultural center of the Mayan civilization. However, it is important to mention that the monumental architecture that has survived to this day, emblematic of the site, has a clear Toltec influence. The god who presides over the site, according to Mayan mythology, is Kukulkan, Mayan representation of Quetzalcoatl, god taken from the pantheon of the Toltec culture.
During this tour we will visit the city of Chichen Itza with its majestic monuments such as the Pyramid of Kukulcan, the Templo of the warriors, the tzompantli and other archaeological remains.
Another must-see stop is the city of Valladolid founded in 1543, which has been recognized as a Magical Town and lives up to its name by the beautiful colonial buildings, its colorful houses and the tradition of its handcrafts, among which embroidery and textiles stand out; the beautiful Yucatan hammocks are the perfect example where both pre-Hispanic and colonial traditions combine.
To refresh ourselves from a hot and hectic day with so much adventure, we will visit some of the traditional cenotes of the area, such as the Zaci, Samula or Suytun.
Considering that Mexican food was declared an intangible cultural heritage of humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), based on the use of beans, chili and corn; Yucatecan cuisine is a faithful representative of this cuisine. Did you know that in Mexico there are more than 50 varieties of chili peppers and that the most spicy is from Yucatan, do you know which one it is? Come with us and you will discover …